Innovation in Africa-Europe Relations beyond COVID-19

Innovation in Africa-Europe Relations beyond COVID-19

Innovation in Africa-Europe Relations beyond COVID-19” is a series of events aiming to create a space where new innovations and initiatives to address an equal partnership between Africa and Europe can be discussed.

This event series, co-hosted by the Robert Bosch Stiftung and ODI, and implemented in partnership with the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation and the Open Society Foundations will start with an initial event, in December 2020, that will explore the state of relations between the two continents and the role of foundations in supporting human  initiatives and policies in African and European communities.

Based upon the outcomes of the first event, it will be followed by three thematic roundtable discussions between January and March 2021, in the run up to the anticipated high-level summit between the African Union and the European Union, that will focus on specific aspects of human mobility in AU-EU relations.

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Counting Sex Workers In!

The Counting Sex Workers In! campaign sought puts a spotlight on sex worker-led advocacy and highlight the voices and perspectives of sex workers of all genders so as to advance understanding that sex workers’ rights are human rights and a feminist issue.

The campaign, by the The Count Me In! Consortium, ran from the 26 October to 10 November and called attention to the frequent experiences of discrimination, harassment and violence experienced by sex workers by starting conversations, offering resources and encouraging solidarity for sex workers and sex workers’ rights.

The Count Me In! consortium is led by Mama Cash, and includes the Red Umbrella FundCREA, the Association for Women’s Rights in DevelopmentJust Associates, the Urgent Action Fund – Africaand  WO=MEN.

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YouthBank is a participatory youth empowerment programme seeking to build social cohesion in Bosnia and Herzegovina, run by the Mozaik Foundation.

YouthBank provides young people with grants for community projects and includes support from Mozaik teams and youth volunteers for training, project development support, fellowship opportunities and more. The programme has received widespread recognition, both locally and internationally, including an Innovation Award from Microsoft for youth programmes.

With 525 community projects funded over the last 10 years, YouthBank has helped to mobilise 2520 volunteers and raise significant contributions from local communities for youth empowerment projects.

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How one man’s dream and good science saved a wetland treasure and sparked a global conservation movement

Words by Justin Woolford, pictures from Tour du Valat – for the MAVA Foundation

Beyond borders

In Southern France, where the Rhône meets the Mediterranean Sea, there’s a magical place where water and land embrace, where countless ponds, islets, marshes, reeds and streams fuse and stretch toward an infinite horizon, and blend with the sky.

The Provençal people call it the place with no borders – ‘n’a cap marca’. Welcome to the Camargue – a waterland without parallel. Not just a kingdom of birds but a source of blessing and bounty for people as much as wildlife.


The science of staying alive

This is where for nearly a decade, Dr Marion Vittecoq has been exploring the relationship between human and ecosystem health. Championing a new generation of researchers at the Tour du Valat research station, her pioneering work is delivering some surprising results around antibiotic resistance and disease transmission.

“Antibiotic resistance is a serious health concern”, says Marion. “We’re increasingly seeing it in wildlife – probably because of exposure to human waste or rubbish. And contrary to popular belief, we’ve also found that domestic birds released for shooting are often infected with avian flu and may spread it to wild birds, rather than the other way around.”

Understanding these interrelationships better, suggests improving waste and water management and animal husbandry are likely to be more effective solutions than mass culling wild animals, which can actually spread disease and resistance as surviving animals disperse.

“There are always trade-offs but until we recognise that everything is interconnected – wetlands, wildlife, farming, pollution, our health – we won’t make good decisions”, says Marion. “We can’t insulate ourselves from the environment, so we need to work with nature. Healthy wetlands are critical for people as well as wildlife, and we need to keep making the case for their protection.”

Marion Vittecoq sampling cattle dung in her work on antibiotic resistance in wildlife (c) Zepellin

A young man’s dream

That Marion and her team are delivering ground-breaking cross-disciplinary work is only possible because of the unique opportunity for long-term research that Tour du Valat affords. And that in itself, is the story of one man’s adventure.

That man was Luc Hoffmann. In 1948, at the tender age of 25, and an heir to the Roche pharmaceutical fortune, he bought the Tour du Valat estate, imagining a centre dedicated to studying birds and this then little understood wetland.

It was a seminal moment that changed his life and marked the beginnings of what became a global conservation movement.

“My father’s story is a rather improbable one”, says André Hoffmann, President of the MAVA Foundation. “Someone who came from the mountains, settled in the marshes and set his mind to explaining to local people the benefits wetlands could bring. It wasn’t easy!”

At the time, only Luc and a handful of other people grasped the scale of the threat facing the Camargue from drainage, intensive farming, development and tourism.

“Everywhere in the Camargue, people were trying to control a land considered hostile. It was becoming increasingly urgent to protect this magical place.” Luc Hoffmann

Critically, what Luc also understood was that success meant not just protecting wildlife but also demonstrating the value of nature for people, and debunking the myth that ecosystems like wetlands were places of disease, fit only for reclamation.

Luc Hoffmann (c) Tour du Valat

More than an ivory tower

When the research station opened in 1954, the Tour du Valat estate soon became a giant field laboratory in which different conservation approaches could be assessed.

Back then, such an approach was unheard of – it was the first institute in France to put biological research into action – but today, it is world renowned precisely because its research is applied, practical and long-term.

“Tour du Valat can manipulate water and salinity levels across the estate, testing how different regimes affect birds, farmland and grazing”, says Paule Gros, Mediterranean Programme Director at the MAVA Foundation. “Its half century of research covers a timescale that accommodates the pace of natural processes. It’s unique and what gives the institute such credibility.”

In many places, wetlands remain undervalued, seen as disease-ridden wastelands to be developed, drained or farmed, their water put to use. And using science to find trade-offs that work for both people and wildlife is Tour du Valat’s recipe for success.

Jean Jalbert (to the left) (c) Tour du Valat

“We’re not here just to research but to put our knowledge to good use”, says Jean Jalbert, Tour du Valat’s Director General. “Every day is different. It might be something strategic for the Mediterranean or something local, like dealing with rice farmers whose paddies our flamingos love to invade!”

Rice farming in the Camargue has created large paddies without hedges, making the crop susceptible to damage from visiting flamingos who find the open landscape attractive. Smaller paddies and a more mixed landscape with trees is one answer. Demonstrating solutions not only helps overcome resistance from local farmers but helps make the case for using them elsewhere.

“We’ve developed powerful tools that help wetland managers predict outcomes and track encroachment using satellite imagery in countries like Libya where data are scarce” says Jean. “But providing decision-makers with the perfect report isn’t enough. We also need to change perceptions about the value of wetlands for well-being and development.”

Rice field (c) O. Pineau / Tour du Valat

The international appliance of science

From monitoring changes affecting wetlands and assessing their value, to developing new management approaches and unravelling the mysteries of disease transmission, applied research has made Tour du Valat the first port of call for public authorities and research institutes alike.

Collaboration with conservation partners like BirdLife, Wetlands International, WWF and many others, has seen application of its research across the Mediterranean and beyond, including in Prespa and Doñana – the focus of future stories in this series.

Perhaps most significantly, it also helped create the MedWet Initiative – a Ramsar Regional Initiative focused on wetland management – and hosts the Mediterranean Wetlands Observatory which produces papers and reports on the status and socio-economic value of Mediterranean wetlands designed to inform public policy.

Science + advocacy = impact

“Ornithologists lacked precise information and quantitative data so no one realised the Camargue was under threat. That was why it hadn’t occurred to anyone that it might need defending.” Luc Hoffmann

Fieldwork and good science are the foundation for conservation but pure research alone is not enough. To influence positive change, it must also reveal value and signpost solutions. For the Camargue and wetlands everywhere, this means making the social, economic and political case for conservation.

Conservation Lesson #1 – Science & Advocacy

Do good science and make sure it addresses real-world challenges. And for real impact, add advocacy with partners, informed by practical solutions and evidence of nature’s value.

Whether through quiet, informed diplomacy or more direct campaigns, joint advocacy with partners based on its research has become a hallmark of Tour du Valat’s way of working.

Working the inside track, such is the station’s reputation that it is now part of the French national delegation to the Ramsar Convention and was recently invited to help shape France’s contribution to the Global Biodiversity Assessment from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).

In contrast, spearheading the new Mediterranean Wetland Alliance, which brings together 18 international NGOs and six research organisations, Tour du Valat is also helping partners collaborate and better protect wetlands.

Its ‘Red Alert’ system monitors wetlands around the Mediterranean and sounds the alarm when a wetland is in danger or threatened by inappropriate development, helping propose constructive solutions and coordinate lobbying efforts.

Doga Dernegi’s recent success in permanently halting the construction of a major highway along the coast of Izmir Bay, for example, not only saved the Gediz Delta – a Ramsar site and home to nearly a third of the European population of Greater flamingos – but also highlighted the vital role that civil society can play in increasing public understanding of wetlands’ value and mobilising support for their protection.

Gediz Delta (c) Hellio Van Ingen

Let nature be nature

With a quarter of the Camargue already become agricultural land and coastal urbanisation continuing apace, how can we save what remains as well as secure thriving wetlands around the world?

The simple answer is by prioritising nature and mainstreaming investments that support natural systems.

With 70% of the Camargue less than a metre above sea level, climate change and sea level rise mean flooding is inevitable. Might it be better to let the area flood naturally now, in a controlled manner, working with rather than against nature?

Wetlands of all kinds offer the best flood and storm surge protection available. And natural infrastructure is our best chance of successfully mitigating the worst impacts of climate change.

Investing in nature-based solutions, including smarter management of farmland and wetlands, has the potential to deliver 30% of the climate solutions we need by 2030. And yet such solutions currently receive only around 2.5% of public climate financing.

With growing recognition that environmental risks pose the gravest of threats to the global economy, we have an opportunity to change course. In the fight for survival, nature should be our greatest ally.

By championing the appliance of science, demonstrating solutions, and delivering powerful advocacy, Tour du Valat is making the case for the kind of investment and action needed to put nature on the path to recovery and deliver prosperity for all.

“Conservation is not the protection of nature against human development, but the preservation of life supporting systems and processes as a basis for a lasting development.” Luc Hoffmann

RISE UP – A Blue Call to Action

RISE UP – A Blue Call to Action is a joint call by civil society, fisherfolk, indigenous people and philanthropic organisations to engineer bold action and safeguard the oceans.

The call establishes a priority agenda and invites key decision-makers and stakeholders to act on behalf of the oceans and the communities that mostly depend on them and already has over 300 signatures. It sets out common priorities, objectives and targets that the member organisations have collectively agreed are vital in tackling the ocean crisis and can be used to inspire decision-makers and key stakeholders to RISE UP and agree on a course of action that gives the oceans the best chance of survival.

The Oak Foundation joined forces with the Oceano Azul Foundation and Ocean Unite to bring together a small group of organisations and people from around the world seeking to help in stopping the crisis facing the oceans.

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Cultural Policy Research Award

The Cultural Policy Research Award honours young and talented researchers addressing topics of European relevance in the field of applied and comparative cultural policy.

The award, worth €10,000, was granted to the best young researchers bringing forward valuable insights and proposals in their projects that inform policy-making and were selected by an international jury in line with various criteria. The award was developed by Riksbankens Jubileumsfond and the European Cultural Foundation to encourage a new generation of scholars to carry out cultural policy research, develop transnational research capacities, and generate new knowledge and ideas that would nurture European cultural policy.

Today the award is organised and awarded by ENCATC, the European network on cultural management and policy.

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#TechForHer: Map of Impact for Women & Girls

The #TechForHer: Map of Impact for Women & Girls is the first map of its kind, curating a series of projects worldwide where tech has been designed to address some of the biggest health and wellbeing issues facing women and girls.

From digitised access to sexual and reproductive health information to anonymous mobile consultations for reporting domestic violence, the #TechForHer map by Fondation Botnar profiles over 30 tech-enabled health solutions that are directly tackling unmet needs for women and girls. The tool supports understanding in the ways in which emerging tech can be utilised for health and wellbeing for women and girls, and aims to spark conversation around what a world that truly leverages tech for health equity could look like.

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Officine Grandi Riparazioni

Officine Grandi Riparazioni, otherwise known as OGR, is a former train repair depot in Turin that has been re-imagined into a centre for the arts and innovation by Fondazione CRT.

The goal of OGR is to create and support an ecosystem for the development and growth of the cultural, social and economic capital of the area, with a programme designed to speak to the wider community. The site today achieves this and plays host to a wide array of activities, with a tech hub for IT companies, restaurants and bars for a wide range of clientele and multiple venues hosting concerts, exhibitions and other cultural events.

The project was visited during the 2019 Funders’ Forum on Sustainable Cities Conference.

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Saari Residence

The Saari Residence, maintained by the Kone Foundation, is a country house located in Mynämäki, in the southwest of Finland, that offers itself as a temporary residence for artists of all disciplines and nationalities to come together and create.

The Saari Residence offers artists and researchers an excellent opportunity to focus undisturbed on creative work in the scenic surroundings of a rural manor house. It creates opportunities for interaction with other residents, and the possibility for multidisciplinary work. Begun in 2008, the project sees a wide array of artists from across the spectrum come to stay for a period of 2 months to focus upon their craft, meet, share, and leave their mark on each other’s thoughts, work and the residence itself.

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Climate Action Fund

The Climate Action Fund is supporting communities across the UK as they take action on climate change. Created by the National Lottery Community Fund, the Fund will see National Lottery funding used to support projects that seek to work together, share learning and be catalysts for broader and transformative change in tackling climate change.

The selected projects will aim to reduce the carbon footprint of communities, and support community led movements that can demonstrate what is possible when people take the lead in tackling climate change. Worth £100 million over 10 years, the initial 14 grants were announced on 17 August.

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